Ernst Schumacher, Bern
This site presents a quantitative
Lewis model of molecular structure,
using G.E. Kimball's free spherical
Note: Drawings of "electron clouds" or
"orbitals" on a molecular skeleton in
any approximation represent helpful
visualizations, not the "truth"!
Gallery of examples
Orbital surfaces are the set of points at a selected amplitude of the spatial wavefunction φ, which is unlimited. Computed by Gaussian03™, drawn by WebMO™. Cores are arbitrary. 〈φ|φ〉 would show density surfaces (like those at right) of similar shape.
||Kimballs free clouds are simple computa-tional tools, explained in these pages. Their surface is the set of points at the expected radius 〈φ|r|φ〉 of an unlimited s-type density distribution for every sphere (Tutorials). [He] cores are computed, too. Program from ES with Mathematica™.|
Both charge distributions give nearly the same Vee, Vne.
11. April 2009, 21:20:32